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Datasets & Parameters

Parameters

The following is a list of parameters available through Oikolab API. Please note that not all parameters will be available for every model.

Group 1: Temperature

Parameter Unit Description
temperature oC Drybulb temperature of the air at 2 m above the surface of land, sea or inland waters.
dewpoint_temperature oC The temperature to which the air at 2 m above the surface of the Earth would have to be cooled for saturation to occur.
wetbulb_temperature oC The temperature read by a thermometer covered in water-soaked cloth over which air is passed. Reference
humidex_index oC Humidex Index as defined by Canadian Meteorologists
soil_temperature_level_1 oC Soil temperature at level 1 (0 - 7 cm), in the middle of layer.
soil_temperature_level_2 oC Soil temperature at level 2 (7 - 28 cm), in the middle of layer.
soil_temperature_level_3 oC Soil temperature at level 3 (28 - 100 cm), in the middle of layer.
soil_temperature_level_4 oC Soil temperature at level 4 (100 - 289 cm), in the middle of layer.
skin_temperature oC The theoretical temperature that is required to satisfy the surface energy balance; it represents the temperature of the uppermost surface layer, which has no heat capacity.

Group 2: Wind

Parameter Unit Description
wind_speed m/s Wind speed at 10 m above the surface.
wind_direction deg Wind direction at 10 m above the surface.
10m_wind_gust m/s Instantaneous wind gust at 10 m above surface.
10m_u_component_of_wind m/s U component of wind at 10 m above the surface.
10m_v_component_of_wind m/s V component of wind at 10 m above the surface.
100m_wind_speed m/s Wind speed at 100 m above the surface.
100m_wind_direction deg Wind direction at 100 m above the surface.
100m_u_component_of_wind m/s U component of wind at 100 m above the surface.
100m_v_component_of_wind m/s V component of wind at 100 m above the surface.

Group 3: Radiation

Parameter Unit Description
surface_solar_radiation W/m2 Solar radiation (shortwave) that reaches a horizontal plane at the surface of the Earth. This parameter comprises both direct and diffuse solar radiation.
surface_net_solar_radiation W/m2 Solar radiation (shortwave) that reaches a horizontal plane at the surface of the Earth minus the amount reflected by the Earth's surface (which is governed by the albedo). This value is positive downwards, following the ECMWF convention.
surface_thermal_radiation W/m2 Thermal radiation (longwave) emitted by the atmosphere and clouds that reaches a horizontal plane at the surface of the Earth.
surface_net_thermal_radiation W/m2 This parameter is the difference between downward and upward thermal radiation at the surface of the Earth. This value is positive downwards, following the ECMWF convention.
surface_direct_solar_radiation W/m2 Direct solar radiation (shortwave) reaching the surface of the Earth, passing through a horizontal plane.
direct_normal_solar_radiation W/m2 Solar radiation received per unit area normal to the direction of the sun.
surface_diffuse_solar_radiation W/m2 Scattered solar radiation received per horizontal unit area on the surface.

Group 4: Pressure, Humidity, & Precipitation

Parameter Unit Description
relative_humidity - Relative humidity calculated from dewpoint temperature, drybulb temperature, and pressure.
surface_pressure Pa The pressure (force per unit area) of the atmosphere at the surface of land, sea, and inland water.
mean_sea_level_pressure Pa The pressure (force per unit area) of the atmosphere at sea level.
total_cloud_cover - Single level field calculated from the cloud occurring at different model levels through the atmosphere.
total_precipitation mm The accumulated liquid and frozen water, comprising rain and snow, that falls to the Earth's surface. It is the sum of large-scale precipitation and convective precipitation.
snowfall mm The accumulated snow that falls to the Earth's surface. It is the sum of large-scale snowfall and convective snowfall.
volumetric_soil_water_layer_1 - Soil moisture at level 1 (0 - 7 cm)
volumetric_soil_water_layer_2 - Soil moisture at level 2 (7 - 28 cm)
volumetric_soil_water_layer_3 - Soil moisture at level 3 (28 - 100 cm)
volumetric_soil_water_layer_4 - Soil moisture at level 4 (100 - 289 cm)

Group 5: Other Parameters

Parameter Unit Description
boundary_layer_height m The depth of air next to the Earth's surface which is most affected by the resistance to the transfer of momentum, heat, or moisture across the surface.
cloud_base_height m The height above the Earth's surface of the base of the lowest cloud layer, at the specified time.
convective_available_potential_energy J/kg Indication of the instability (or stability) of the atmosphere and can be used to assess the potential for the development of convection, which can lead to heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, and other severe weather.
convective_inhibition J/kg This parameter is a measure of the amount of energy required for convection to commence.
downward_uv_radiation_at_the_surface W/m2 The amount of ultraviolet (UV) radiation reaching the surface. It is the amount of radiation passing through a horizontal plane.
evaporation mm The accumulated amount of water that has evaporated from the Earth's surface, including a simplified representation of transpiration (from vegetation), into vapour in the air above.
forecast_albedo - A measure of the reflectivity of the Earth's surface.
forecast_surface_roughness m The aerodynamic roughness length in metres as a measure of the surface resistance.
friction_velocity m/s A theoretical wind speed at the Earth's surface that expresses the magnitude of stress.
high_cloud_cover - The proportion of a grid box covered by cloud occurring in the high levels of the troposphere.
high_vegetation_cover - The fraction of the grid box that is covered with vegetation that is classified as "high". The values vary between 0 and 1 but do not vary in time.
leaf_area_index_high_vegetation m2/m2 The surface area of one side of all the leaves found over an area of land for vegetation classified as "high".
leaf_area_index_low_vegetation m2/m2 The surface area of one side of all the leaves found over an area of land for vegetation classified as "low".
low_cloud_cover - The proportion of a grid box covered by cloud occurring in the lower levels of the troposphere.
low_vegetation_cover - The fraction of the grid box that is covered with vegetation that is classified as "low". The values vary between 0 and 1 but do not vary in time.
medium_cloud_cover - The proportion of a grid box covered by cloud occurring in the middle levels of the troposphere.
potential_evaporation mm A measure of the extent to which near-surface atmospheric conditions are conducive to the process of evaporation.
skin_reservoir_content mm The amount of water in the vegetation canopy and/or in a thin layer on the soil.
sub_surface_runoff mm The water that drains away under the ground.
surface_latent_heat_flux W/m2 The transfer of latent heat (resulting from water phase changes, such as evaporation or condensation) between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere.
surface_runoff mm The water that drains away over the ground.
total_column_rain_water kg/m2 The total amount of water in droplets of raindrop size (which can fall to the surface as precipitation) in a column extending from the surface of the Earth to the top of the atmosphere.
total_column_water_vapour kg/m2 The total amount of water vapour in a column extending from the surface of the Earth to the top of the atmosphere.
zero_degree_level m The height above the Earth's surface where the temperature passes from positive to negative values, corresponding to the top of a warm layer.

Group 6: Air Quality

Parameter Unit Description
CO ug/m3 Carbon Monoxide
NO ug/m3 Nitrogen Oxide
NO2 ug/m3 Nitrogen Dixoide
O3 ug/m3 Ozone
PM10 ug/m3 Particulate Matters (PM) inhalable particles, with diameters that are generally 10 micrometers and smaller
PM25 ug/m3 Particulate Matters (PM) inhalable particles, with diameters that are generally 2.5 micrometers and smaller
SO2 ug/m3 Sulfur Dioxide